Each and every woman has different symptoms of pregnancy and even the same woman can have different symptoms from one pregnancy to another.
Some of the symptoms of pregnancy are very common and some are rare. Some have an adverse impact on the child to be born and some have no such adverse effects. Out of all symptoms, Insomnia is a common issue during pregnancy.
As an adult need seven to nine hours of sleep, a pregnant woman needs some extra hours of sleep to stay healthy during pregnancy without being exhausted and tired.
But during pregnancy, most of the women find it difficult to fall asleep or some tend to wake up early from sleep without getting adequate sleep. Therefore Insomnia, the sleep disturbance is very common during pregnancy.
According to the research, scientists have found that women tend to sleep more during the first trimester of the pregnancy due to a higher level of progesterone. Therefore Insomnia level is low at the first trimester of pregnancy. As pregnancy advances, Insomnia worsens. Thus the insomnia level becomes worst towards the third trimester.
The exact cause for insomnia during pregnancy is unknown and some factors that can lead to insomnia during pregnancy can be divided into biological factors, psychological factors and social factors.
Biological factors are pregnancy changes such as fatigue, nausea, vomiting, backache, leg cramps, increased urinary frequency, and hormonal factors such as increased level of progesterone and sleep disorders.
These biological factors lead to insomnia during pregnancy. Psychological factors that are often associates with insomnia are psychological stress such as fear of labor, childcare and financial issues and common mental health conditions such as anxiety, depression.
Though insomnia is common during pregnancy it is not an accurate early indicator or symptom of pregnancy that can be used to identify pregnancy.
The reason behind this is that insomnia may not present in some pregnancies and insomnia can occur in non-pregnancy women also. Therefore if a woman stays awake or find it difficult to fall asleep have disruptions during sleep it does not necessarily indicate pregnancy and to confirm a pregnancy there are more accurate symptoms of pregnancy than insomnia and a pregnancy test is the most accurate way to confirm a pregnancy.
Also, insomnia cannot be considered merely as a symptom of pregnancy it may not occur often or early enough to be an accurate physical sign of pregnancy and insomnia is the most common sleep disorder around the world that affects millions of people irrespective of gender, age or being pregnant or not.
Though insomnia is not a symptom of pregnancy, if a pregnant woman suffers from insomnia it might rarely cause certain complications in pregnancy and birth.
Some adverse effects of insomnia in pregnancy are reduction in quality of life, relationship issues, diabetes, preterm birth, increased labour pains and increased duration of labor and antenatal depression.
Regardless of the reason, treatment for insomnia in pregnancy is very important though it is not appropriately addressed due to lack of awareness in insomnia among health professionals.
Sleep hygiene is the most important factor that affects insomnia and some cases might need medications also. Healthy bedtime routine such as having a certain time to sleep and wake up improve the efficiency of the biological clock of the body and avoiding daytime naps and avoid intake of caffeine, avoid drinking of tool much of fluid before bed, reading books and listening to soothing music and finding comfortable sleeping positions and use of special maternity pillows are sum of the precautionary measures that can be used to cure insomnia during pregnancy.
Also when considering sleep aids to treat insomnia during pregnancy it is important to make sure that the health of the mother and the unborn child is not at risk.
If insomnia during pregnancy affects one’s ability to function then the doctor may prescribe sedatives that are safe to take during pregnancy.
Proper treatment and lifestyle changes may help to overcome insomnia during pregnancy.
Though insomnia in pregnancy is curable most of women continue to suffer from insomnia without getting proper treatment due to lack of awareness in insomnia. Therefore early awareness on insomnia and treatment for it can lead to a healthy and happy pregnancy.
As a conclusion it must be emphasized that insomnia is not a symptom of pregnancy and insomnia is a sleeping disorder that can make it hard to fall asleep or that can lead to waking up too early.
Anybody can suffer from insomnia irrespective of their age, gender, religion, or nationality. But treating insomnia during pregnancy is vital as it ensures healthy pregnancy for both mother and the unborn child.
Though the factors leading to insomnia during pregnancy is still unknown it is confirmed that the effect of insomnia in pregnancy increases towards the third trimester. Also, healthy bedtime routines can always help to cure insomnia during pregnancy.